The Bologna Process is an intergovernmental higher education reform process that includes 49 European countries and a number of European organisations, including EUA. Its main purpose is to enhance the quality and recognition of European higher education systems and to improve the conditions for exchange and collaboration within Europe, as well as internationally.
Launched in 1998-1999, the Bologna Process established goals for reform in the participating countries, such as the three-cycle degree structure (bachelor, master’s, doctorate), and adopted shared instruments, such as the European Credits Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) and the Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance in the European Higher Education Area (ESG).
When the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) was announced in 2010, all participating parties agreed to continue the Bologna Process, as many of the established goals were not fully implemented in all countries. Over the years, the Bologna Process has grown into a Europe-wide policy platform for coordinated higher education reform. It addresses new topics, such as fundamental values and learning and teaching; as well as its longstanding commitments, which require continued attention.
EUA believes in the added value of the EHEA, as a means to enhance European higher education collaboration and exchange and to provide better education to a growing and more diverse studentship. Since its beginning, EUA has been engaged with the Bologna Process as a Consultative Member in the Bologna Follow-Up Group (BFUG), representing universities.
Bringing the Bologna Process closer to the universities, and ensuring that it provides tangible improvement, is a key goal. EUA engages in dialogue and cooperation with members and partners, also beyond Europe, to explain and promote the Bologna Process, and to contribute to building the frameworks and conditions European universities need to thrive.
EUA supports the Bologna key commitments to ensure that all countries fully implement the three-cycle system, quality assurance, and the smooth recognition of qualifications and study periods. EUA works on a wider range of issues that are of central importance for the EHEA and its universities, such as mobility, governance, learning and teaching, and the social dimension of higher education. A central goal is to enable and enhance compliance and complementarity with the European Union’s European Education and Research Areas.
As the Bologna Process enters its third decade, EUA invites members and partners to join forces to ensure its success.
On 19 November 2020, the EHEA Ministerial Conference took place, resulting in the Rome Communiqué. It addresses the Bologna Process’s 2030 vision and sets the agenda for the working period 2021-2024, with the secretariat and the Ministerial Conference to be hosted by Albania.
In its 2020 statement published ahead of the Ministerial Conference, EUA called for the Bologna Process to better address social inclusion and equity, as well as university values, and welcomed the Bologna Process’s stronger emphasis on the transformation of learning and teaching, amongst other things.
Since 1999, the EUA Trends Reports have provided data and analysis on how the Bologna Process reforms are implemented at universities across Europe. The reports, which are usually published in conjunction with the EHEA Ministerial Conferences, are based on questionnaires to university leaders, complemented by focus groups and interviews. They provide an institutional perspective to European higher education policy discussions, and have become an important source of information for policy makers and the higher education community alike.
The 2018 Trends report focused on mapping developments in learning and teaching, a topic that is becoming ever more important at institutions and in policy discussions across Europe. EUA plans to issue the next Trends Report in time for the 2024 EHEA Ministerial Conference.
EUA has been an active contributor to the Bologna Process since its start 20 years ago. The present position paper welcomes the recent progress in the development of the European Higher Education Area, on the occasion of the Bologna Process Ministerial Conference on 19 November.
In recent years, higher education provision has been changing rapidly, including the mainstreaming of e-learning, the emergence of micro-credentials, the launch of the European Universities Initiative, and the renewed importance of the third mission of higher education institutions.
The "Bologna Hub Peer Support II" project, funded by Erasmus+ and the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, aims at fostering the implementation of the Bologna key commitments at Higher Education Institutions (HEI) throughout the European Higher Education Area (EHEA). During two...view more
As the European Universities Initiative moves into a new phase, EUA has taken stock of its impact...read more
On 14 June the kick-off meeting of a project to establish a new European RPL (Recognition of Prior Learning) Network took place in Vienna, hosted by the Austrian Quality Assurance Agency (AQ Austria). This initiative is a part of the Austrian 3-IN-AT-PLUS project, which runs from March 2022 to...view more
Amid renewed political interest in transnational university collaboration, notably joint...read more
EU education ministers welcome the European Strategy for Universities and have confirmed their support for the four priority areas in the higher education package put forward by the European Commission in January 2022. At the 5 April meeting of the Education Council, ministers placed greater...view more
On 17 May 2021, the Education Ministers of EU member states adopted Council Conclusions on the European Universities Initiative. The Council Conclusions come at a crucial point as the mid-term evaluation of the first 17 alliances is approaching and important decisions will soon have to be made...view more
In response to the Covid-19 crisis, higher education institutions around the world adjusted their...read more
The “Spotlight on recognition” project has launched a series of activities and opportunities to engage. The project, co-funded by Erasmus+, is coordinated by EUA and will be of interest to higher education professionals and other stakeholders working in the field of recognition. The...view more
Micro-credentials have attracted interest as a means to increase the effectiveness and flexibility...read more
EUA is pleased to present a seven-part webinar series on the different areas of work in the Bologna Process. The series is composed of seven webinars and will run from 29 September until 1 December. With the next Bologna Ministerial Meeting taking place in Rome on 18-20 November, it is timely...view more
The E4 Group (ENQA, EUA, EURASHE and ESU) has issued a joint statement reinforcing the relevance of the Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance in the European Higher Education Area (ESG). The statement, “The ESG in the changing landscape of higher education”, reinforces the purpose and...view more
The seminar “Recognition, transparency and information provision in the time of Covid-19: the role of Higher Education institutions”, organised in the context of the Bologna Process, will take place online on 18 June from 9:30 to 12:45 CEST. The objective of the seminar is to share...view more
On 7 November the first 17 alliances of the European Universities Initiative were launched in Brussels in the presence of some 800 representatives of universities, university associations, student, national ministries and the European Commission. EUA President Michael Murphy addressed the...view more
Mariya Gabriel, Commissioner-designate for Innovation and Youth, was well-received during her official hearing in the European Parliament on 30 September. As the College of Commissioners awaits final approval, Gabriel has already begun meetings with key stakeholders. This week she sat down with...view more
The European Commission is organising an event on the European Universities Initiative on 7 November 2019 in Brussels. It will be the kick-off for the 17 European university alliances that were selected through the first pilot call and an occasion to present their projects to the public. In an...view more
On 26 June, the European Commission announced the results of the first pilot call for “European Universities”. Out of 54 applications, 17 networks involving 114 higher education institutions from 25 countries have been selected for funding. Each of them will receive up to €5 million over...view more
The event "The Bologna Process goes Global: fundamental values of the EHEA beyond 2020" will be held in Bologna on 24 and 25 June 2019. The Alma Mater Studiorum - Università di Bologna, jointly with the Italian Ministry for Education, Universities and Research, under...view more
The partners of the project ‘Linking academic recognition and quality assurance’ (LIREQA) have published recommendations on how fair and effective academic recognition practices can be supported through internal and external quality assurance. Separate recommendations are aimed at...view more
The annual European Quality Assurance Forum (EQAF), co-organised by ENQA, ESU, EUA and EURASHE...view more
In recent years, the enhancement of learning and teaching has become a priority, not only for...read more
EUA is pleased to present “Trends 2018: Learning and teaching in the European Higher Education Area”. This flagship report gathers data from more than 300 higher education institutions in 48 European countries. Trends 2018 examines how learning and teaching at European higher education...view more
Trends 2018 examines how learning and teaching at European higher education institutions evolves...read more
At its meeting on 12 June 2018, the Board of the European University Association (EUA) welcomed the new political momentum of the Bologna Process resulting from the Ministerial Conference in Paris (23-25 May) and the adoption of the Paris Communiqué. The Board now urges European rectors’...view more
On 25 May, European education ministers adopted the Paris Communiqué at the Bologna Process Ministerial Conference. It takes on topics already discussed in the Yerevan Communiqué such as implementation, learning and teaching, digitalisation and academic and civic...view more
If we want universities to make a leap in transnational cooperation, policymakers must take their...read more
Enhancing the social dimension of higher education has been a central pillar of the Bologna...read more
Micro-credentials are expected to widen participation in higher education by supporting inclusion...read more
The European Commission aims at developing a “European strategy for universities” to strengthen...read more
On the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the European University Association, Andrée Sursock...read more
Students from disadvantaged and marginalised backgrounds still struggle to participate in higher...read more
We enter into a New Year, a world more enriched and more impoverished than just 12 months ago. We...read more
Fair recognition in the European Higher Education Area can only be fully achieved if practices in...read more
The European Commission should learn from the Bologna process, which has shown how universities...read more
Micro-credentials are growing exponentially in popularity, attracting the interest of various...read more
The idea of a European degree is fascinating and attractive, but it also raises many conceptual...read more
In the coming academic year, virtual mobility might be the only reliable option for some...read more
As universities across Europe move to online learning and teaching amid the coronavirus crisis,...read more
The Bologna Follow-up Group has developed a new strategic document that defines ten principles and...read more
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The importance of learning outcomes has gained traction at Europe’s universities in recent years....read more
Research assessment practices are becoming more accurate, transparent and responsible. This is...read more
Cross-border quality assurance has been slow in the making over the past two decades. However, as...read more
Will quality assurance as we know it remain relevant amid the changing higher education landscape?...read more
How can universities frame their internal quality assurance and shake up the image of the...read more
European higher education has made tremendous progress since the Bologna Declaration. As EUA...read more
Research-based education is happening in Europe, but there are clear challenges with how it is...read more
As discussions are underway at the European Learning & Teaching Forum, EUA’s Tia Loukkola gives an...read more
Student-centered and active learning are a necessity for European universities to remain relevant...read more
Recognition of study and qualifications are key for people to move freely to study and work in...read more
It has been 10 years since the European Universities’ Charter on Lifelong Learning was published....read more
In line with Emmanuel Macron’s speech and discussions at the recent Social Summit in Gothenburg,...read more
Thursday 28 January, 14.00-15.00 CET EUA, in collaboration with Nuffic, HRK and CRUE, was pleased to present this webinar organised in the context of...Read more
During the final webinar of the EUA series “Towards the Bologna Process Ministerial Meeting”, European university leaders discussed their feedback and...Read more
The social dimension of higher education has been featured in the discussions of the Bologna Process since its early years. A new set of Principles and...Read more
Quality assurance is one of the key commitments of the Bologna Process that underpin the European Higher Education Area. During the past two decades, the...Read more
In response to the societal changes, learning is expected to become more flexible with students being able to choose the pace, place and mode of learning....Read more
This webinar from EUA’s “Towards the Bologna Process Ministerial Meeting” series examined where European higher education institutions stand in terms of...Read more
This second webinar of EUA’s series “Towards the Bologna Process Ministerial Meeting” addressed internationalisation, including mobility. While the Bologna...Read more
During more than twenty of existence, the Bologna Process has profiled as the main European collaboration platform for higher education. It is an...Read more