The Bologna Process is an intergovernmental higher education reform process that includes 48 European countries and a number of European organisations, including EUA.
Its main purpose is to enhance the quality and recognition of European higher education systems and to improve the conditions for exchange and collaboration within Europe, as well as internationally.
Launched in 1998-1999, the Process established goals for reform in the participating countries, such as the three-cycle degree structure (bachelor, master’s, doctorate), and adopted shared instruments, such as the European Credits Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) and the European Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance in the European Higher Education Area (ESG).
The European Higher Education Area (EHEA) was announced in 2010 and all participating parties agreed to continue the Process, as many of the established goals were and are not fully implemented in all countries.
EUA has been closely involved in the Bologna Process since it was conceived representing the views of universities. Officially, the Association is a Consultative Member and participates in all Bologna activities, including the Bologna Follow-Up Group (BFUG). It also engages in dialogue and cooperation activities with members and partners on Bologna topics, also beyond Europe, to explain and promote the Process.
Many of the Association’s activities are dedicated to the development of European policies and practice in the context of Bologna. EUA works on a wider range of issues that are of central importance for the EHEA and its universities, such as quality assurance, mobility, governance, funding, lifelong learning, student tracking and employability, recognition and the impact of international trade agreements on higher education.
EUA believes in the added value of European higher education collaboration and exchange as a way provide better education to an increasing and more diverse studentship. In close collaboration with its members, it contributes to policy development and to building the frameworks and conditions European universities need to thrive. EUA also facilitates the spread of institutional good practices.
As the Bologna Process looks towards its third decade, EUA invites members and partners to join forces to ensure its success. EUA published a statement focusing on how to further the Process’s achievements and enhance its ability to respond to a changing higher education landscape.
EUA supports the Bologna key commitments to ensure that all countries fully implement the three-cycle system, quality assurance, and smooth recognition of qualifications and study periods.
The Association pushes for the Bologna Process to better address social inclusion and equity, as well as university values. EUA also welcomes its stronger emphasis on the transformation of learning and teaching, and will work to ensure that this will result in measures of tangible support for higher education institutions. Furthermore, the Association invites a systematic consideration of the UN Sustainable Development Goals within the Process. Finally, EUA underlines the urgent need to explore new ways of working and invites the Process members and partners to ensure that there is sufficient capacity to reach its long-term goals.
The 2018-2020 Bologna Secretariat and the Ministerial Conference is hosted by Italy. The work programme is focused on the continuation of the Process beyond 2020, as well as goals and working methods.
EUA has consistently worked on quality assurance long before it became a Bologna commitment and was a main facilitator in making it a strong focus area for the Process. Notably, the Bologna Ministers invited EUA with other stakeholder organisations to prepare the ESG and to contribute to the establishment and continuation of the European Quality Assurance Register for Higher Education (EQAR).
Likewise, EUA has been heavily involved in the Bologna commitment to facilitating the recognition of qualifications and study periods. Academic and professional recognition are preconditions for student and worker mobility in Europe – central goals of the European Higher Education Area, and the European Union itself.
EUA represents the voice of universities in various policy fora where recognition is discussed and has partnered in projects aimed at disseminating good practices and supporting higher education institutions in developing recognition procedures in line with the Lisbon Recognition Convention.
For two decades, EUA has closely followed the latest trends in the European higher education landscape. Though a series of questionnaires to its many university members, as well as focus groups, site visits, and interviews, EUA gathers the latest data from the ground. After a detailed analysis, the Association presents reliable and up-to-date information on the development of the European Higher Education and Research Areas.
By disseminating the Trends Reports, EUA aims to provide an institutional perspective in European higher education policy discussions. Over time, the reports have become crucial sources of information and a main reference for policy makers and the higher education community alike.
EUA has been an active contributor to the Bologna Process since its start 20 years ago. The present position paper welcomes the recent progress in the development of the European Higher Education Area, on the occasion of the Bologna Process Ministerial Conference on 19 November.
In recent years, higher education provision has been changing rapidly, including the mainstreaming of e-learning, the emergence of micro-credentials, the launch of the European Universities Initiative, and the renewed importance of the third mission of higher education institutions.
Micro-credentials have attracted interest as a means to increase the effectiveness and flexibility...read more
EUA is pleased to present a seven-part webinar series on the different areas of work in the Bologna Process. The series is composed of seven webinars and will run from 29 September until 1 December. With the next Bologna Ministerial Meeting taking place in Rome on 18-20 November, it is timely...view more
The E4 Group (ENQA, EUA, EURASHE and ESU) has issued a joint statement reinforcing the relevance of the Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance in the European Higher Education Area (ESG). The statement, “The ESG in the changing landscape of higher education”, reinforces the purpose and...view more
The seminar “Recognition, transparency and information provision in the time of Covid-19: the role of Higher Education institutions”, organised in the context of the Bologna Process, will take place online on 18 June from 9:30 to 12:45 CEST. The objective of the seminar is to share...view more
On 7 November the first 17 alliances of the European Universities Initiative were launched in Brussels in the presence of some 800 representatives of universities, university associations, student, national ministries and the European Commission. EUA President Michael Murphy addressed the...view more
Mariya Gabriel, Commissioner-designate for Innovation and Youth, was well-received during her official hearing in the European Parliament on 30 September. As the College of Commissioners awaits final approval, Gabriel has already begun meetings with key stakeholders. This week she sat down with...view more
The European Commission is organising an event on the European Universities Initiative on 7 November 2019 in Brussels. It will be the kick-off for the 17 European university alliances that were selected through the first pilot call and an occasion to present their projects to the public. In an...view more
On 26 June, the European Commission announced the results of the first pilot call for “European Universities”. Out of 54 applications, 17 networks involving 114 higher education institutions from 25 countries have been selected for funding. Each of them will receive up to €5 million over...view more
The event "The Bologna Process goes Global: fundamental values of the EHEA beyond 2020" will be held in Bologna on 24 and 25 June 2019. The Alma Mater Studiorum - Università di Bologna, jointly with the Italian Ministry for Education, Universities and Research, under...view more
The partners of the project ‘Linking academic recognition and quality assurance’ (LIREQA) have published recommendations on how fair and effective academic recognition practices can be supported through internal and external quality assurance. Separate recommendations are aimed at...view more
The annual European Quality Assurance Forum (EQAF), co-organised by ENQA, ESU, EUA and EURASHE...view more
In recent years, the enhancement of learning and teaching has become a priority, not only for...read more
EUA is pleased to present “Trends 2018: Learning and teaching in the European Higher Education Area”. This flagship report gathers data from more than 300 higher education institutions in 48 European countries. Trends 2018 examines how learning and teaching at European higher education...view more
Trends 2018 examines how learning and teaching at European higher education institutions evolves...read more
At its meeting on 12 June 2018, the Board of the European University Association (EUA) welcomed the new political momentum of the Bologna Process resulting from the Ministerial Conference in Paris (23-25 May) and the adoption of the Paris Communiqué. The Board now urges European rectors’...view more
On 25 May, European education ministers adopted the Paris Communiqué at the Bologna Process Ministerial Conference. It takes on topics already discussed in the Yerevan Communiqué such as implementation, learning and teaching, digitalisation and academic and civic...view more
On 22 May, the European Commission launched the second part of its ambitious...read more
On 22 May, the European Commission published the second education package including further proposals for the creation of a “European Education Area” by 2025. EUA welcomes the package, as it is an important step in giving life to the EU’s goals in the sector and agrees to the overall...view more
As the Bologna Process looks towards its third decade, EUA has published a statement focusing on how to further the Process’s achievements and enhance its ability to respond to a changing higher education landscape. The document comes as the Bologna Process prepares to hold its 2018...view more
As the Bologna Process looks towards its third decade, EUA has published a...read more
The inHERE (Higher Education Supporting Refugees in Europe) project consortium is pleased to...view more
With the present paper, the European University Association (EUA) responds to the European...read more
Abstract The implementation of the Bologna reform in the Croatian context has led to a number of issues with reforming and delivering doctoral education, including a lack of research qualifications other than PhDs, unusually large admission quotas, low graduation rates, long time to graduation,...read more
Fair recognition in the European Higher Education Area can only be fully achieved if practices in...read more
The European Commission should learn from the Bologna process, which has shown how universities...read more
Micro-credentials are growing exponentially in popularity, attracting the interest of various...read more
The idea of a European degree is fascinating and attractive, but it also raises many conceptual...read more
In the coming academic year, virtual mobility might be the only reliable option for some...read more
As universities across Europe move to online learning and teaching amid the coronavirus crisis,...read more
The Bologna Follow-up Group has developed a new strategic document that defines ten principles and...read more
What would be the most effective way forward for universities to promote social dimension in their...read more
The importance of learning outcomes has gained traction at Europe’s universities in recent years....read more
Research assessment practices are becoming more accurate, transparent and responsible. This is...read more
Cross-border quality assurance has been slow in the making over the past two decades. However, as...read more
Will quality assurance as we know it remain relevant amid the changing higher education landscape?...read more
How can universities frame their internal quality assurance and shake up the image of the...read more
European higher education has made tremendous progress since the Bologna Declaration. As EUA...read more
Research-based education is happening in Europe, but there are clear challenges with how it is...read more
As discussions are underway at the European Learning & Teaching Forum, EUA’s Tia Loukkola gives an...read more
Student-centered and active learning are a necessity for European universities to remain relevant...read more
Recognition of study and qualifications are key for people to move freely to study and work in...read more
It has been 10 years since the European Universities’ Charter on Lifelong Learning was published....read more
In line with Emmanuel Macron’s speech and discussions at the recent Social Summit in Gothenburg,...read more
During the final webinar of the EUA series “Towards the Bologna Process Ministerial Meeting”, European university leaders will discuss their feedback and...Read more
The social dimension of higher education has been featured in the discussions of the Bologna Process since its early years. A new set of Principles and...Read more
Quality assurance is one of the key commitments of the Bologna Process that underpin the European Higher Education Area. During the past two decades, the...Read more
In response to the societal changes, learning is expected to become more flexible with students being able to choose the pace, place and mode of learning....Read more
This webinar from EUA’s “Towards the Bologna Process Ministerial Meeting” series examined where European higher education institutions stand in terms of...Read more
This second webinar of EUA’s series “Towards the Bologna Process Ministerial Meeting” addressed internationalisation, including mobility. While the Bologna...Read more
During more than twenty of existence, the Bologna Process has profiled as the main European collaboration platform for higher education. It is an...Read more